Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)
The Urban Livelihoods Mission was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India in the year 2013 for a Mission period of 5 years now extended till 2021 with the focus on livelihoods support to the poorest among Poor.
According to the guidelines of Government of India, the Government of Tamil Nadu launched the first phase of the mission in 40 towns havingpopulation more than 1 lakh and all District Headquarter Towns in 2014-15. Subsequently, the Government of India has extended the mission to all statutory towns beginning 2016-17 with simultaneous orders of the State Government transferring 4 components of the Mission namely; Social Mobilization and Institutional Development (SM&ID), Employment through Skill Training and Placement (EST&P), Self EmploymentProgramme (SEP) and Capacity Building & Training (CB&T) and designating TNCDW as Mission Directorate from the financial year 2016-17.
In respect of the remaining two components viz., “Scheme of Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) “ and “Support to Urban Street Vendors (SUSV), the Commissionerate of Municipal Administration is the implementing agency. According to the guidelines of Government of India, the Project Sanctioning Committee (PSC) was formed for the purpose of approving projects.
Scheme of Shelters for Urban Homeless (SUH)
As per the Honorable Supreme Court of India, one homeless shelter for every 1 lakh population in the urban cities need to be provided and to ensure that the urban homeless are able to access shelter and allied services to safeguard their human right to life and dignity.
Definitions – Urban homeless
Persons who do not have houses or sleep under the open sky during nights, sleep at pavements, Parks, Railway stations, Bus stations, Places of worship, Constructions sites, Under bridges Hume pipes etc.,
DAY-NULM aims at essential services to the urban Homeless by providing permanent shelter equipped with basic infrastructures under the sub component of Shelter for Urban Homeless.
- Ensure availability and access of the urban homeless population to permanent 24 hour shelters (including safe and secure protection from the elements, access to water, sanitation and allied facilities, security, safety and allied services for dignified survival)
- Cater to the needs of especially vulnerable segments of the urban homeless like the dependent children, aged, disabled, mentally ill and recovering gravely ill, by creating special sections within homeless shelters and provisioning special service linkages for them.
- Ensure access to various entitlements, including to social security pensions, PDS, ICDS, feeding programmes, drinking water, sanitation, identity, financial inclusion, school admission etc., and to affordable social housing.
- Formulate structures and framework of engagement for development, management and monitoring of shelters and ensuring basic services to homeless persons, by state and civil society organisations including homeless collectives.
Norms for SUH:
- A minimum of 50 Sq.ft of construction area per person is considered in the plan.
- Current schedule of rate for the construction of building is considered in the preparation of estimates.
- Standard norms of Rs.1000/person/month are followed for the O&M cost.
- Bathrooms and toilets are provided following Standard norms of one for 25 persons.
- Separate bathroom & Toilet for men and women and open seater for children.
- Provision of kitchen and cooking facility is made mandatory
- Food shall be provided to a maximum of 5% of the inmates who cannot take care of themselves.
- Provision of proper ventilation, lighting, bathing facility, toilet facility, locker facility, recreation, separate living space for men and women with provision of bed & warm bed covers, bunk beds for children etc., to be ensured.
- Provision of First aid kit at the nearest vicinity in the shelter and provision of firefighting equipment is mandatory
- Ramp at the entrance of the shelter and facility for use of toilet and bathroom to be provided for the Differently-abled persons
- Corpus Account to be created and funds to be mobilized jointly by the NGO and the ULB from the donors and CSR funds from corporate bodies for sustainability.
- Joint agreement between ULB and NGO to be made for operating the shelter after construction for 5 years with the provision of O&M cost of DAY-NULM.
- The selection of NGO is based on experience in the relevant/related field.
- The NGO should follow legal procedure of admitting the persons identified as inmates.
- Rehabilitation, family reunion, income generating activities for the youth and counseling facility forth mentally disturbed/challenged including medical facilities for the inmates to be done jointly by the ULB and NGO.
- The ULB should form Shelter Management Committee and the Executive committee soon after the sanction is accorded by the PSC.
- In case of new construction and refurbishment of Normal shelter, the land belongs to the ULB and the cost of construction will be from SUH component of DAY-NULM.
- Operational O&M cost is Rs.1000/person/month (initial five years only) for all category of Shelters maintained by NGOs
- For O&M Projects, the operational O&M will be considered for existing inmates and newly admitted inmates by the ULB.
- Persons who live and sleep under the open sky or places unfit for human habitation like
Bus stations and places of worship
Outside shops and factories
At construction sites, under bridges and other places
- Spend their nights at night shelters, transit homes, short stay homes, beggars homes and children’s homes.
- Live in temporary structures without walls under plastic sheets or thatch roofs on pavements, parks and other common spaces.
|Milestones/ Action points||Status of Progress|
|330 Shelters consisting of New Construction, Refurbishment, O&M and Special Shelters were sanctioned in the 9 Project Sanctioning Committee meetings||· 251 shelters have been completed with capacity of 17054 residents
· The remaining 79 shelters will be completed soon.
Support to Urban Street Vendors (SUSV)
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) seeks to address the concerns of urban street vendors by facilitating access to suitable spaces for vending, institutional credit, improved skills and social security linkages. The Support to Urban Street Vendors Component of DAY-NULM sets out the strategy and operational guidelines with regard to this component.
The objective of the component is to address the vulnerabilities of the urban street vendors through a multi-pronged approach. This includes:
- Survey of street vendors and issue of Identity Cards
- Development of city street vending plans
- Infrastructure development of vending zones in the city
- Training and Skill Development
- Financial Inclusion
- Access to credit
- Linkages to social security schemes 3 Role of State Government, Local Authority and Planning Authority
|Sl.No||Name of the ULB||Project Period||Total Vending Carts Sanctioned|
PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi)
The scheme is a Central Sector Scheme i.e. fully funded by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs with the following objectives: (i) To facilitate working capital loan up to `10,000; (ii) To incentivize regular repayment; and (iii) To reward digital transactions
The scheme will help formalize the street vendors with above objectives and will open up new opportunities to this sector to move up the economic ladder.
Eligibility of States/UTs
The Scheme is available for beneficiaries belonging to only those States/UTs which have notified Rules and Scheme under Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2014. Beneficiaries from Meghalaya, which has its own State Street Vendors Act may, however, participate.
Eligibility Criteria of Beneficiaries
The Scheme is available to all street vendors engaged in vending in urban areas *. The eligible vendors will be identified as per following criteria:
- Street vendors in possession of Certificate of Vending / Identity Card issued by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs);
(ii) The vendors, who have been identified in the survey but have not been issued Certificate of Vending / Identity Card;
Provisional Certificate of Vending would be generated for such vendors through an IT based Platform. ULBs are encouraged to issue such vendors the permanent Certificate of Vending and Identification Card immediately and positively within a period of one month.
(iii) Street Vendors, left out of the ULBled identification survey or who have started vending after completion of the survey and have been issued Letter of Recommendation (LoR) to that effect by the ULB / Town Vending Committee (TVC); and
(iv) The vendors of surrounding development/ peri-urban / rural areas vending in the geographical limits of the ULBs and have been issued Letter of Recommendation (LoR) to that effect by the ULB / TVC.
- Identification of Beneficiaries left out of the Survey or belonging to the surrounding Rural Areas While identifying the vendors belonging to category 4 (iii) and (iv), the ULB/ TVC may consider any of the following documents to issue letters of recommendation:
(i) The list of vendors, prepared by certain States/ UTs, for providing one-time assistance during the period of lockdown; OR
(ii) A system generated request sent to ULBs/ TVCs for issue of LoR based on the recommendation of the Lender after verifying the credentials of the applicant; OR (iii) The membership details with thevendors associations including National Association of Street Vendors of India (NASVI)/ National Hawkers Federation (NHF)/ Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) etc.; OR (iv) The documents in possession of the vendor buttressing his claim of vending; OR (v) Report of local enquiry conducted by ULB/ TVC involving Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Community Based Organizations (CBOs) etc. ULB shall complete the verification and issuance of LoR within 15 days of the submission of application.
The street vendors are provided loan amount of Rs.10000 through banks with 7% interest subsidy. Target has been fixed to provide loan assistance to 3,50,000 street vendors .So far 2,08,741 street vendors have been provided loan amount of Rs.238.66Crore.
Tamil Nadu Urban Employment Scheme
One of the key recommendations of the High Level Committee on the Economic Impact of COVID-19, headed by Dr.C.Rangarajan, is the urgent need to introduce a “Wage Employment Programme” for Urban Poor to create employment opportunity through provision of daily wages. The Vision Document for a New Dawn also envisages extension of the Wage Employment Programme to Urban areas. Though the report of the High Level Committee relates to mitigating the adverse impact of COVID-19, the recommendation of the Committee is still relevant to improve the livelihood of Urban Poor and to provide a safety net against loss of job. As per the BPL survey conducted in ULBs during the year 2015 by Commissionerate of Municipal Administration for the implementation of Urban Poverty Alleviation Scheme the urban poor constitute nearly 38% of the total population.
The Hon’ble Minister for Municipal Administration, in the (Revised) Budget Speech for the year 2021-22 among the others has made the following announcement during the demand for grants of this department on the floor of the Legislative Assembly on 24.08.2021:
“நகர்ப்புர ஏழைகளின் வாழ்வாதாரத்தை உயர்த்தும் நோக்கில் ரூ.100 கோடி மதிப்பீட்டில் நகர்புர வேலை வாய்ப்புத்திட்டம் என்ற திட்டம் பெருநகரசென்னை பெருநகர மாநகராட்சியில் இரண்டு மண்டலங்களிலும் ஏனைய மாநகராட்சிகளில் தலா ஒரு மண்டலமும், 7 நகராட்சி நிர்வாக மண்டலங்களில் தலா ஒரு நகராட்சி என 7 நகராட்சிகள், 37 மாவட்டங்களில் தலா ஒரு பேரூராட்சி வீதம் 37 பேரூராட்சிகளிலும் இத்திட்டம் இவ்வாண்டு செயல்படுத்தப்படும்”.
- To enhance livelihood opportunities by providing or enabling employment to every household whose adult members seek to do unskilled and semiskilled work.
- Improving Livelihood and Social Security by increasing employment opportunities.
- Creation and maintenance of Public Assets.
- Greening and protection of the environment.
- Undertaking works related to natural resource management.
- Survey was done in all the selected ULBs to enumerate the beneficiaries
- The employment seekers were registered and given a Job card.
- Job card holders applied for employment in their respective ULB.
ULBs selected (on pilot basis)
- One zone each in 14 other Corporations
- One Municipality each in 7 Regions (7 Municipalities)
- All adult members between 18 and 60 years of age of the household can register for the scheme and apply for employment.
- Must be a resident of the ULB concerned. (Proof of residence “Aadhar / Ration card / EPIC card” )
- The application for registration must be submitted at ward level in Corporations and specified places in Municipalities and Town Panchayats.
Wage to Material Ratio
- The wage to material ratio of the works undertaken shall be 60:40.
- The wage component should not be less than 60%.
- The wage to material ratio will be maintained at ULB level.
- Wages are paid to the workers once in a week through ECS
Categories of works
Natural Resource Management (NRM) Work
- Recharge pits / Recharge Structures
- Formation of Percolation Ponds
- Restoration of Ponds
- Desilting and bund strengthening of ponds / kulam /channels
- Avenue Plantation
- Roadside Plantation
- Canal Side Plantation
- Block Plantation
- Nursery raising
- Individual / Community Soak-Pits.
- Operation and Maintenance of Micro-compost Centres and Resource Recovery Centres
- Development of Parks / Playfields
- Formation and maintenance of foot paths / pedestrian walk way
- Formation of traffic islands
- Deepening, desilting and repair of flood / drainage channels including storm water drains
- Formation of drainage channel in water logged areas
- Formation of link-drains / intermediate drainage channels
- Project initiation meeting held with all the workers on the site. The workers explained about the details of the work, the quantum of work to be carried out, notified wage rate, the system of payment of wages, etc..,
- Muster Roll assigned for the work before commencement of the work for taking attendance.
- Separate muster roll used for each week (6 working days). Muster roll is available in the workplace.
- The Muster Roll is kept by the scheme implementing officer as part of the ULB records in the work file.
- No corrections are permitted in the Muster roll.
Job Card :
- All adult members of the household can register for the scheme and apply for the employment.
- Must be a resident of the ULB concerned and the adult members age between 18 to 60 years are eligible for applying the job card.
- Job Card is issued after making necessary entries in NMR register.
- The application for registration must be submitted at ward level in Corporation, specified places in Municipalities and at the respective offices of Town Panchayats.
- Schedule of Rate (SoR) has been fixed for TNUES as indicated in GO.(MS)No.09 Municipal Administration and Water Supply Department, Dated:11.01.2022. As per the SoR, the daily wage rates fixed are as follows. Wage rate is calculated based on the quantum of work done by the individual.