Melur Municipality is managing the solid waste generated from the town with the existing vehicles and labour at present. The Solid waste is collected by using BOV the modern vehicles. 80% of the wastes are segregated at source 50% compostable wastes are processed in one M.C.C.at Santhaipettai and 60 CC at various six places in the town, saleable wastes are sold to vendors, non saleable wastes send to cement factories and remaining 20% wastes dumped in the compost yard. So we have proposed to construct additional MCC for scientific process. The following infrastructure is available for solid wastes management in Melur Municipality.
Garbage Genera – 15.00 MT
Workers available – 140
- Tricycles – 15 Nos.
- BOV – 25 Nos.
- Lorry with Tipper – 1 No
- Tractor with Trailor – 1 No.
- Power Tillers – 1 No.
- LMV – 4 Nos.
After the introduction of Plastic Products in the society and abolition of Dry Latrines, manufacturing of organic manure in the compost yard has come to an end. People and traders are not properly disposing the Plastic Products. They just throw away the used Plastic waste ( below 40 micron ).into the Storm water drain and Public places. It looks very awkward and creating lot of Public Health nuisance like obstructing drains and potential source for mosquito breeding. So, It is very important to introduce the segregation at source making Organic manure at collection centre itself and adopting economics ( minimize the Auto mobiles Motor vehicles and man power)
In Melur, the following classified solid wastes are produced and the proportion of solid wastes as follow.
|1||Domestic waste||Residential Houses||60 %|
|2||Trade waste||Trader, Hawker, shops, markets, offices
Marriage halls, commercial houses, hotels
|3||Clinical waste||Hospitals and Nursing Homes||2 %|
|4||Other waste including Industrial waste||Drain silt, building activity waste, street Sweeping, waste from Industries etc.,||3 %|
Source : NEERI Strategy Paper on MSW in India, Feb 1996
It can be seen from the above table that majority of the waste is generated from the residential houses.
The present system of solid waste management in Melur Municipality is not well structured and properly organized to meet the total requirement and does not satisfy the local population as per Pollution Control Board norms. The municipality is collecting the solid wastes with the available facilities to keep the town free from accumulation of solid wastes and remaining portion of Solid wastes are kept for the next day clearance.
Therefore a new strategy has been devised to implement the solid waste management plan effectively and scientifically in Melur Municipality.
(i) Analysis of quantity and quality of garbage
(ii) Analysis of vehicles needed for primary and secondary collection.
(iii) Infrastructure development of processing (MCC and OCC)
(iv) Privatization Efforts
(vi) Operation & maintenance
(vii) Marketing Department for sale of Organic manure.
TASKS TO BE PERFORMED
The tasks assigned in Solid Waste Management are (I) Assess the generation of Municipal Solid waste ( ii) Suggest additional number and type of vehicles, required taking into account of available men, material and machinery and their development, (iii) suggest suitable yard sticks for procurement and deployment of vehicles, and (iv) Suggest measures to improve the processing yard and Procurement of additional locations if required, for proper treatment of the collected solid waste and disposing of the same without any damage to the environment.
TRANSPORT OF GARBAGES FROM COLLECTION POINT TO COMPOST YARD
There are three garbage collection points in this Municipality at 1.Channel road 2.Dailymarket 3.Santhaipettai. Door to Door collected garbages from 27 wards and 15 tricycles and 25 BOV Seggregated garbages were transferred from the Door to Door collection to the Municipal MCC, OCC and compost yard situated at Pudusukkampatti through preplanned route chart (copy enclosed) by the available BOVs, LCVs and minilorries three trips daily.
SEGREGATION OF GARBAGE:
Segregation of garbage is being done in the 27 wards by the Public residence during the door to door garbage collection by the Municipal Sanitary workers through BOV and tricycles.
DISPOSAL OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE:
There are 21 private hospitals, clinics, 1. Government Hospital and 1 UPHC in this Municipality. Strict instructions were issued through Indian Medical Association Melur to the concerned Hospital incharge, that the Hazards Bio-Medical waste should ;not be dumped or disposed with the General Garbage which are collected from Public residence. Further they were instructed to dispose hazards Bio-Medical waste from their institution, should be disposed off by any sanitary method without disturbance to the public as per the instructions of Pollution Control Board at their own cost. Biomedical wastes from pvt Hospital, Govt Hospital were collected daily by the PVT Agency namely Ramkay Agency based on the guidlelines of Tamilnadu Pollution control Board, Madurai.
Existing Municipal compost yard extended to 7.42 acres situtated at Malampatti 5 kms away from the town, is enough for storing Dry wastes. Existing legacy wastes processed and disposal by biomining method through PVT Agency. Action is being taken to provide the above facilities.
There are 27 wards in this Municipality. Door to Door garbage collection system is being done in 27 wards with available 15 tricycles and 25BOVs.The above vehicles used for the collection of Degradable and Non degradable garbage separately.
|1||Estimated Quantity of Waste Generated /day||15.0 tones|
|2||Composition of solid waste tones / day|
|Domestic Waste||8.0 tone|
|Commercial Waste||4.0 tone|
|Industrial Waste||0 tone|
|Market waste||1.0 tone|
|Bio-medical Waste||0.06 tone|
|Street Sweepings||1.0 tone|
|Drain Cleanings||0.5 tone|
|Construction Material / Debris||0.44 tone|
|3||Physico-Chemical characteristics of the Waste||Not available|
|4||Quantity of waste collected / day||7.0 tone|
|5||Details of Waste collection|
|a||Frequency of Waste collection||Daily|
|b||Primary collection||27 wards 12MT|
|1.||Number of Dustbins||20|
|Capacity of each dust bin||10 cft|
|Average spacing of the Dust bins||200 meters ( Main road only )|
|ii.||Number od aqwwpwea/workers for collection||80|
|Average Road Length/sweeper||1.00 kms/sweeper|
|iii.||Number of Trolleys for waste collection||NIL|
|Capacity of trolleys||NIL|
|iv.||Number of pushcarts for waste collection capacity of push carts||NIL|
|v.||Other Primary collection equipment ( if any collected)||25 BOVs|
|i.||No.of Waste collection points||Nil|
|ii.||Details of collection vehicle|
|iii.||Average Number of Trips of vehicle / day||2||–|
|i.||Mode of Waste Disposal||Composting by MCC & OCC|
|ii.||Locations of Disposal|
|Disposal site||Area in acre||Distance from town|
|Pudusukkampatti village||3.74 Acre||2 kms|
|6||Details of Proposed Disposal Site||–|
|Location of the site||Existing site is located at Pudusukkampatti|
|Area of the site||3.74 acres|
|Compost Yard||1 No. (7.45 Acres)|
|No.of Ward Door to Door Collection||27 Wards|
|Quantity of Garbage||15 MT (per day)|
|No.of Dumper Placer Bin||20 Nos.|
|Dumber Placer||1 Nos.|
|Tipper Lorry||1 Nos.|
|Mini Tipper Lorry||0 Nos.|
|Compactor Lorry||0 Nos.|
|Jet Rodding Vehicle||0 No.|
|Desiliting Vehicle||1 Nos.|
|Skid steer Loader||0|