Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management
Kuzhithurai town generates 45.13 MT of Solid Waste per day out of this nearly 4.00 MT of the Solid Waste being collected, transported and disposed daily, which works to per capita generation of 250 gms./day. The efficiency of the present mechanism can able to collect 80% of the total waste generated in the town. The Urban Local Body also carry out weekly mass waste cleaning programme to clear the left out wastes by utilizing extra vehicles trips in the town. The total garbage collected constitutes 48%^ of the domestic wastes, 42% commercial wastes and 10% of construction wastes. The details of solid waste composition and collection efficiency are shown in the Table.

Details Of Solid Waste Management

Description of Services


Total Solid Waste generation/day (in MT)


Total Solid Waste collection/day (in MT)


% of Coverage


Frequency of collection


No. of dustbins provided in the town


Masonry Containers


Per Capita Waste Generation (Grams)


Per Capita Waste Collection (Grams)


Details of Waste Composition

Waste Composition

Quantity (MT)

% Generation

Households, petty Shops and establishments



Vegetable, Fruit, Flower Market



Meat, Fish and Slaughter House









General Hospital Waste



The Solid Waste collection mechanism extended in 4 Zones, which covers the entire Kuzhithurai. According to the collection efficiency of solid waste collection mechanism by the Urban Local Body, the zone III is fully covered with 100% coverage (Market – Perishable Waste) and Zones I & III are covered with 65% coverage, whereas the Zones IV has low collection with 58% coverage. The total collection altogether can able to achieve 80% of coverage in the waste generated in the town, is shown in the Table.


At present, there is no full-fledged compost yard facility is available for solid waste dumping and the waste is generally disposed in the Municipal land at Pammam area, 3 KM away from the town centre, which occupy an area of 2.00 acres. The existing compost yard is not provided with adequate infrastructure facilities such as road, Weigh Bridge, Waste Segregation platform, mechanical sewer and security room.


Sanitary Division

Wards Covered

Population Covered



% Of Collection

      I 1 to 21 21314 4.01 3.80 94.00

The present mechanism of solid waste management exhibits that the waste is segregated into degradable (other than plastics) and non-degradable (plastics) waste. Due to constraints involved in getting approval from the Pollution Control Board there is no production of manure is take place at the compost yard site. Therefore, the Urban Local Body initiating action to privatize the Solid Waste Collection System and composting activities in the town, the details are shown in Table.

Segregation of Waste at Source: Each and every household person is instructed by the Urban Local Body to maintain separate baskets for segregation of waste as degradable and non-degradable. The residents are using separate baskets for segregating the waste and keep the baskets in front of their houses for easy handling of the conservancy worker.

Creating awareness among the public
To create awareness among the public and to realize the importance of segregation of garbage, handbills have been distributed to each and every houses/households and propaganda on the zero garbage system have also made through the Health Division

Action Plan to cover entire area of the town
At present, the Urban Local Body maintains zero garbage system covering all the 30 wards; however the response among the public is very poor and they are not co-operative to the Urban Local Body actions

Manufacture of Compost/Manure
At present dumping site is not fully improved to carry out any composting activities. Therefore the municipal authorities are trying to solve the problem.

Initiating an action to privatize the Solid Waste management System
the Urban Local Body is proposed to have a tie up with an interested private entrepreneur to maintain the Solid Waste Mechanism.